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Lehrstuhl für Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft

Willkommen auf den Seiten des Lehrstuhls für Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft am Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan für Ernährung, Landnutzung und Umwelt.

Möllers, J., Meyer, W., Xhema, S., Traikova, D., and G. Buchenrieder. 2015. Cognitive constructs and the intention to remit. Journal of Development Studies. 51 (19): 1341-1357.

Abstract

This paper explores migrants’ motivations to remit from a new, behavioural (cognitive) perspective, based on Structural Equation Modelling. We supplement the mainstream economic analyses of migrants’ observed characteristics by analysing remitting behaviour based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). With this behavioural lens, we show that non-tangible, cognitive constructs are highly relevant in explaining the intention to remit. Results underline the fact that migrants’ attitudes and norms, the latter in particular driven by the family, are decisive for remitting. Classical socioeconomic variables also show significant results, but contribute comparatively little to explaining the intention to remit.

 

 

 


http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1108/IJSE-12-2012-0234

Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effects of network-based individual social capital on the access of rural households to services.

In the context of development economics, an innovative data collection approach is used to determine network-based social capital. The approach originates from the field of sociology and entails a personal network survey. The authors define four social capital variables according to tie strength and social distance between the respondent and his/her network member.

Social network ties are not homogeneous. The econometric results suggest that social capital with weaker ties in combination with socially distant ties can potentially improve households’ access to rural services.

The empirical survey focusses on a single province in Northern Vietnam. Thus, the main limitation of the micro-study is its regional focus. A more representative sample of the whole country would be desirable to backup the policy recommendation.
The results indicate that access to services in rural Vietnam it still too personalized and subjective. Thus, a thorough review of the access procedures and making them more objective would be better choice. This would also root out a potential alley for corruption and nepotism.


Research financed by the Volkswagen Foundation for a Senior Fellowship Grant (VW Foundation Project no.: 89 866)

“Determinants for household adoption of differentiated risk management mechanisms to natural disasters in developing countries: An experimental analysis of multiple case studies” (September 2015 – August 2018)

Dr. Azibo Roland Balgah (balgahroland@gmail.com, balgazib@yahoo.com)
Bamenda University of Science and Technology (BUST: www.bamendauniversity.com)
Bamenda, Cameroon

Abstract

Following up the research of the junior VW-fellowship project “Managing Natural Risks and Shocks in Developing Countries. The Role of Informal Response Mechanisms” (2012-15), we will commence in September 2015 the research for the senior fellowship “Determinants for household adoption of differentiated risk management mechanisms to natural disasters in developing countries: An experimental analysis of multiple case studies”.

The motivation for the research is based on the escalation of natural disasters in recent years, which threaten, at the macro level, the continuity of economic growth currently observed in many countries of Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in particular and, at the micro level, the livelihood of the already often vulnerable population hit by the disaster. The failure of formal (state and market) risk management mechanisms in SSA compels research to contribute to the developing of more appropriate instruments for managing natural disaster outcomes in SSA. This research extends previous research efforts based on the single case study of the 1986 Lake Nyos natural gas explosion in Northwest Cameroon, to include floods and droughts, the two most frequent types of natural disasters worldwide and in Africa. A multiple case study approach allows us to test the robustness of the innovative, multi-sector framework that has emerged from the contemporary discourse on appropriate approaches for disaster management in SSA under state and market failure conditions. Field experiments and a structured questionnaire will be used in combination with qualitative instruments to identify determinants of adoption of different risk management instruments, elicit current and future risk behavior, and catalogue a typology of adopted risk management mechanisms across multiple case studies, for victims and non-victims of floods and droughts from the coastal (Southwest) and Sahelian (Northern) Regions of Cameroon respectively.

A minimum of two submissions preferably to ISI Journals per annum are targeted. Contributions to an open access discussion paper series will facilitate easy access to African researchers. Overall, the research will validate and propose a novel framework adapted to modeling different types of disasters across SSA countries under state and market failure conditions with subsequent implications for policy.

Key words: Natural disasters, experiments, multiple case studies, multi-sector framework, SSA

 

The research benefits from research partners at the TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan (WZW):

1.      Prof. Dr. Luisa Menapace
(Assistant Professor for Governance in International Agribusiness)

2.      Prof. Dr. Johannes Sauer
(Professor for Agricultural Production and Resource Economics)

The scientific mentor comes from the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), and is equally partnering the research:

3.      Prof. Dr. Gertrud Buchenrieder
(Adjunct Professor for Agricultural and Development Policy)

A home based mentor for the project who will also assist scientifically in the project is:

4.      Prof. Dr. Emmanuel Yenshu Vubo,
(Professor of Sociology and Anthropology), Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, P. O. Box 1000, Buea, Cameroon.


Foto: ©TUM Pressestelle, u.a.

Der Lehrstuhl beschäftigt sich mit Fragestellungen im Zusammenhang

  • mit nachhaltiger Nahrungsmittelproduktion entlang der Wertschöpfungskette: Forschung-Produktion-Konsum, sowie
  • dem Beitrag der Bioökonomie und der Landwirtschaft im Besonderen zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung.

Ein Schwerpunkt bildet dabei die Analyse des Einflusses und Beitrages staatlicher Regulierung zur Erreichung des Zieles der Nachhaltigkeit.

Zur Bearbeitung der Fragestellungen werden mathematische Modelle eingesetzt,
die Unsicherheiten und Irreversibilitäten explizit berücksichtigen.

→ mehr...


Der Lehrstuhl leistet einen Beitrag zu Vorlesungen im BSc Agrarwissenschaften und Gartenbauwissenschaften, BSc Brauwesen und Getränketechnologies, dem MSc Agrarwissenschaften und dem MSc Sustainable Resource Management sowie (neu) Life Science Economics and Policy (M.Sc.)



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